C is for Correspondence
cor·re·spond·ence [kawr-uh-spon-duhns, kor-]
1. communication by exchange of letters.
2. a letter or letters that pass between correspondents: It will take me all day to answer this business correspondence.
3. Also, correspondency. an instance of corresponding.
4. similarity or analogy.
5. agreement; conformity.
In Magic, correspondences are items used to correspond or relate to an item. For example, the stone (actually a resin) Amber corresponds to the element of fire, the Sun and it thought to be related to clarity, confidence and strength. Amethyst is a form of quartz crystal. It corresponds to the element of water and the astrological signs of Aquarius and Pisces. It is said to be a healing stone and helps relieve stress, anxiety and depression.
There are correspondences for everything from Gods and Goddesses to plants and seeds. A quick search on Amazon.com will give you a full list of assorted books that will assist with some of the comparisons. One of the more popular is Llewellyn’s Complete Book of Correspondences.
I've not done a great deal of across the board research on all correspondences. I have worked mainly with crystal and candle magic. I use blue candles for healing, green for prosperity and red as my Goddess candle. Red is thought to represent Hecate/Hekate.
Other correspondences for Hecate are:
Animals – Dogs, red mullet, frogs, serpent and sheep. Hecate has been depicted with the heads of a cow, dog, boar, serpent and horse.
Plants – Garlic, belladonna, willow, leek and mandrake. The Greeks would hang yew around the necks of black bulls which were sacrificed in Hecate’s honor.
Other Associations – keys, as she holds the Keys to the underworld to assist in the travel from life to death. Torches – as she is a light bringer.
These are not the only correspondences to Hecate and some of these may cross over to other deities as well. As I read more and more I learn that there many have a lot of ideas around what is and is not related to a particular Goddess.
The most common discrepancy I see today is that Hecate represents the crone aspect of the Triple Goddess. In all the images showing Hecate she does not appear to be of any “older” age. In her Triple form statues all the faces appear to be the same age. The concept of Maiden Mother and Crone is a relatively new idea and usually is found in Wicca.
In her video “Is Hekate the “Crone” of the 20th Century Maiden Mother Crone Triple Goddess”, Sorita D’Este discusses the way Hecate may have been added in this ideology.
When setting up my altar for Hecate, I’ll add eggs, leeks and honey. This I take out and leave at my offering spot at the physical crossroads.
In looking at all the information out there keep in mind that everyone has their own ideas about correspondences. There are times when many of these will cross over to other deities.
Namaste & Blessed Be